PROJECTS - Lana Čmajčanin - visual artist

FN M1910

Installation │ vinyl on plexiglass │ 2015
Dimension 150 x 104,5 x 0,6 cm  

The pistol FN Model 1910 is the semi-automatic pistol designed by John Moses Browning, an American firearms designer. It is a first time produced in 1910 by Fabrique Nationale (FN), firearms manufacturer located in Herstal, Belgium.

On 28th of June, 1914 in Sarajevo, handgun Browning (FN) M1910, caliber .380 ACP (9 mm Kurz) serial number 19074 has been used by Gavrilo Princip to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.

On 06th of May 1932 in Paris, Paul Doumer the President of France, was assassinated with a Model 1910 by Paul Gorguloff.

Between the two World Wars, the FN 1910 became very popular across Europe as a police, military and self-defense gun. FN Model 1910 was manufactured in large quantities until 1983.

In 1922, Browning modified the original pistol and made a variant of the Model 1910 to suit requirements of the Yugoslavian military - the FN Model 1910/1922.

FN Model 1910/1922 were used in World War II and continued to be manufactured by the Germans after their occupation of Belgium and seizure of the FN factory.

The FN Model 1922 has been used by the militaries of Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Finland, Greece, Turkey, Romania, Denmark, Japan, Peru, Venezuela and West Germany in the postwar period. While the Model 1910 was widely sold on both civilian and military markets, the Model 1922 was considered specifically a military and police pistol, with FN offering it to individual civilians only by special order.

In the context of the observation and analysis of general political climate and evident tensions of the First Half of the 20th Century, which culminated with the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and the beginning of the WWI, the main object – pistol and the manufacturer of the same is left aside.

The pistol, unlike protagonists of the assassination, does not sustain a historical scrutiny, is not subject to criticism or the judgment, and in fact even after these events continue to be developed and promoted in order to become more effective in new killings and warfares.

With this work, the intention is to invert the position of the object into a subject in order to stress and problematize the question of arms production and military industry.

The path of that gun from the point of its production to the Princip’s hands is the epitome of the political situation in Europe and it reveals the constellation that led to the assassination.

Work is produced as a technical drawing, a map, showing the political protagonists of the WWI as the pistol mechanism. The anatomy of the pistol becomes the anatomy of the war.